Spaulding Square Neighborhood Association

Marcus Garvey

Posted in: ECCANDC
A Great American Intellectual Hero

Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., National Hero of Jamaica (August 17, 1887 ?– June 10, 1940), was a publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, Black nationalist, orator, and founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League

Prior to the twentieth century, leaders such as Prince Hall, Martin Delaney, Edward Wilmot Blyden, and Henry Highland Garnet advocated the involvement of the African diaspora in African affairs. Garvey was unique in advancing a Pan-African philosophy to inspire a global mass movement focusing on Africa known as Garveyism.[2] Promoted by the UNIA as a movement of African Redemption, Garveyism would eventually inspire others, ranging from the Nation of Islam, to the Rastafari movement (which proclaims Garvey to be a prophet). The intention of the movement was for those of African ancestry to ''redeem'' Africa and for the European colonial powers to leave it. His essential ideas about Africa were stated in an editorial in the Negro World entitled ''African Fundamentalism'' where he wrote:

Our union must know no clime boundary or nationality...let us hold together under all climes and in every country...[3]

Garvey and Rastafari

Rastafarians consider Garvey a religious prophet, saint and sometimes even the reincarnation of John the Baptist. This is partly because of his frequent statements uttered in speeches throughout the 1920s, usually along the lines of ''Look to Africa, when a black king shall be crowned for the day of deliverance is at hand!''[29]

His beliefs deeply influenced the Rastafari, who took his statements as a prophecy of the crowning of Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia. Early Rastas were associated with his Back-to-Africa movement in Jamaica. This early Rastafari movement was also influenced by a separate, proto-Rasta movement known as the Afro-Athlican Church that was outlined in a religious text known as the Holy Piby ?— where Garvey was proclaimed to be a prophet as well. Thus, the Rastafari movement can be seen as an offshoot of Garveyite philosophy. As his beliefs have greatly influenced Rastafari, he is often mentioned in reggae music.

Critical of Haile Selassie I in the wake of the invasion of Ethiopia before World War II, Garvey himself never identified with the Rastafari movement, and was, in fact, raised as a Methodist who went on to become a Roman Catholic.

Knowledge is Power!

  • Stock
  • alaplex
  • Valued Neighbor
  • Los Angeles, CA
  • 2 Posts
  • Respect-O-Meter: Valued Neighbor
Who Cares!!! What does is holy piby have to do with our neighborhood.  Just further perpetuates my analysis of the area.

This neighborhood is actually composed of Black and Latin Americans' in large numbers.  This article was written for Black History Month...  February 2008!

 You may not care about black history month or how it related to our area, but many in our area actually care about our history and how Black Americans' helped shape it.  That's why I researched these great historical figures of history to celebrate our past and provide some degree of hope for our future...   I m glad more people don't think like you!

Because I truly believe that knowledge is power. 

By the way, why don't you actually write something and stop complaining about what other people take the time to do ?  Write? 

Interested in what you have to say positive? -  good or bad?


  • Stock
  • pdmnabr
  • Respected Neighbor
  • Los Angeles, CA
  • 7 Posts
  • Respect-O-Meter: Respected Neighbor

Although your postings (all 35) are very informative and I appreciate your time and research; however, how does it relate to neighborhood activities, such as building community relations.  I understand that your postings were in relation to Black History month, but how does it relate to community concerns. 

Please note this is not a negative reply to your postings.

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